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AI likely to augment rather than destroy jobs
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AI likely to augment rather than destroy jobs

Hayo News
Hayo News
August 22nd, 2023

A recent study by the International Labour Organization (ILO) indicates that Generative AI technology is more inclined to enhance jobs rather than eliminate them entirely, as it tends to automate certain tasks instead of fully substituting a role. According to the research, Generative AI and Jobs: A global analysis of potential effects on job quantity and quality, the majority of tasks across various jobs and industries are only moderately vulnerable to automation and are more inclined to be supplemented rather than completely replaced by the newest Generative AI trends, such as chatGPT. The most profound influence of this technology may not be job loss, but the potential modifications in job quality, particularly in terms of work intensity and worker independence.

↑ ISCO-08 Structure of occupations and tasks used in the study

The research shows that clerical roles stand the most risk from technology, with almost one-fourth of tasks being greatly exposed and over half of tasks showing medium exposure. By contrast, other occupational sectors like managers, technicians, and professionals have a minimal portion of tasks largely exposed to technology, whereas about one-fourth display medium exposure.

The study indicates that the implications of Generative AI may have varied impacts on males and females, with female employment showing more than double the potential to be influenced by automation. This is attributed to the higher concentration of women in clerical roles, particularly in high and medium-income nations. The economic development of countries has traditionally seen clerical roles as significant sources of employment for women, and the advent of Generative AI may mean that such roles may not appear in developing nations.

The study's conclusion emphasises that the social and economic repercussions of Generative AI will significantly depend on the management of its adoption. It posits the necessity for policy formulation that enables a structured, equitable and participatory adaptation. It's crucial to have an effective voice for workers, adequate skills training, and sufficient social safety measures to handle the transition. Without it, the risk remains that only select countries and market players that are well-prepared will be the ones to profit from this transformative technology.

The researchers point out that the results of the technological shift aren't inevitably predetermined. The incorporation of such technologies is a human choice, and thus, it is people who are required to direct the transition process.

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